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Europa Island
Flag of Europa Island
Map of Europa Island
Introduction Europa Island
A French possession since 1897, the island is heavily wooded; it is the site of a small military garrison that staffs a weather station.
Geography Europa Island
Southern Africa, island in the Mozambique Channel, about one-half of the way from southern Madagascar to southern Mozambique
Geographic coordinates:
22 20 S, 40 22 E
Map references:
total: 28 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 28 sq km
Area - comparative:
about 0.16 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
0 km
22.2 km
Maritime claims:
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
low and flat
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 24 m
Natural resources:
Land use:
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (mangrove forests and woodlands) (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
0 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
Environment - current issues:
Geography - note:
wildlife sanctuary
People Europa Island
no indigenous inhabitants
note: there is a small French military garrison and a few meteorologists; visited by scientists (July 2003 est.)
Government Europa Island
Country name:
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Europa Island
local short form: Ile Europa
local long form: none
Dependency status:
possession of France; administered by a high commissioner of the Republic, resident in Reunion
Legal system:
the laws of France, where applicable, apply
Flag description:
the flag of France is used
Economy Europa Island
Economy - overview:
no economic activity
Communications Europa Island
Communications - note:
1 meteorological station
Transportation Europa Island
Ports and harbors:
none; offshore anchorage only
1 (2002)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2002)
Military Europa Island
Military - note:
defense is the responsibility of France
Transnational Issues Europa Island
Disputes - international:
claimed by Madagascar